General Point about Plant Hardiness: The commonly held belief that it's better to Keep the cutting in a cool, dry place for a couple of days before planting. In zone 7 and 8 its tubers should be lifted before the first fall frost and stored indoors in dry, cool but frost free conditions. Only a few. The leaves of this yucca are extremely sharp, hence the common name of Spanish bayonet. This variety will eventually grow to form clumps. Outdoors, up to 25 feet tall and wide with offsets; indoors to 10 feet tall. They need some 'wood' on them to survive severe cold - so plants The variegated sugar cane lookalike seen in wet places throughout the Mediterranean. This will leave a sparse trunk for a while, but new offsets should sprout from the cut point. Good old Praa Sands. Yuccas aren’t particular about the type of soil they live in, other than it must be well-draining to avoid rot. This yucca is susceptible to over watering and cold-hardy to temperatures as cold as 25 o F (4,5). Hardiness: 7 – 11 What's My Zone? This is only meant as a guide. It is tolerant of flooding in floodplains but not swamps. Yucca filamentosa NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Transplant the seedlings at about 8 weeks into bigger pots or permanent location. Many have leaves that are razor sharp and spine tipped, earning them common names of Spanish bayonet and Spanish dagger. Please contact us for stock availability and sizes. How to incorporate succulents and cacti into your garden design, Growing and care information for these strong succulents, Sign up for weekly gardening inspiration and design tips, Modern Plants for a Bold and Beautiful Garden. In a domestic environment, the plant has average water requirements, and little maintenance is needed other than the removal of dead leaves when the shrub nears its ultimate height. This plant will grow quite large outdoors if left on its own, living up to its common name of giant yucca. It handles both drought and humidity well. Botanical name Yucca aloifolia, Y. elephantipes, Y. filamentosa, Y gloriosa Group Shrub or tree Flowering time Summer (sparsely) Planting time Spring Height and spread 55cm-10m (22in-33ft) by 1.5-8m (5-26ft) Aspect Outdoors: full sun to light shade. Yucca filamentosa ‘Excalibur’Commonly called Adam’s needle yucca. Over time, most species of yucca will grow into room-devouring monsters, but this takes long enough that they provide years of durable … than smaller, wherever possible. Yucca elephantipesCommonly called spineless yucca or giant yucca. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Hand. Keep the seeds moderately moist, and you should begin to see signs of germination in about 3 to 4 weeks. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. It can look terminal but it’s not. Smaller varieties make great container plants, giving the ability to grow in colder climates by moving indoors over winter and placing back outside after any chance of frost. The leaves are edged with curly white filaments that add overall interest to the plant. Yuccas are no relation to yucas (one ‘c’), although they are quite often, understandably, confused. In milder regions the flowers develop into … Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. On this page: Yucca Basics | Planting Instructions | Care | Pictures | Design Tips | Growing Indoors. Hardiness zone 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b. Enjoys a bit of neglect. 14 - No frost at all, fatal, keep above 5C. They are, however, interesting and slow-growing houseplants that have the added benefit of being extremely drought tolerant. It is in leaf all year, in flower from July to September. Yucca whipplei), that flower only once then slowly decline and die, similar to many of their close relatives, Agave spp.. Leaves can be thick or thin; usually long and narrow, sword-shaped, spine-tipped and arranged in rosettes. The ones we left behind (billions) are probably still there. Suitable for single container or mass planting. Eventually it forms a branched trunk. Although there are no serious insect or disease problems, cane borers, scale insects and fungal leaf spots can occur. This can be done by simply cutting off the top section of a trunk or stem. Tasmanian Mimosa. Keep very well watered when first planted. With its slender, blue-gray leaves, showy creamy white flowers in the summer, and low maintenance features, Yucca Rostrata or ""Blue Yucca"" is an ideal tree-like yucca plant perfect for use as a focal point in your Southwestern landscape or garden architecture. Striking when grouped in a low-water garden or spotted in flowering perennial beds for contrasting color and texture. The yucca shrub has long sword-shaped green leaves that grow up to 3 ft. (1 m) tall. Modern Plants for a Bold and Beautiful Garden New starts can be grown from offsets, root cuttings or seed. . Blue Yucca (Yucca Rostrata) Drought tolerant plants can be beautiful, just look at the evergreen Yucca Rostrata. The thought of being sucked into a bureaucratic vortex called Cornwall County Council compelled us – with the connivance of some random local residents – to nick some. The flowers come and go. Blue fleshy leaves creating a remarkable living sculpture. Please contact us for stock availability and sizes. Yuccas are extremely drought tolerant, but will look better with regular watering of about an inch per week during spring and summer, along with an occasional deep soaking. Soapweed yucca (Yucca glauca) thrives in the cold temperatures of USDA plant hardiness zone 3, with winter temperatures dipping as low as minus 35 degrees. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Yucca faxonianas in garden, nursery in Southern California desert (not a native there, though) Yucca filamentosa (Adam's Needle, Bear Grass or Spoonleaf Yucca) This is another U.S. native (southeast) and is one of the most cold hardy of all the Yuccas. Due to their sharp and spiny nature, yuccas are deer resistant. If propagating from offsets, remove them in spring, strip off any foliage, and plant. Additionally, consider the mature size of the plant to make sure it’s located far enough away that it won’t become a problem in the future. Exotic. For stemless rosette types, dead or damaged leaves along the bottom of the plant can be removed at any time to clean up the plant. Yucca rostrata Commonly called Big Bend or beaked yucca, Gray-blue leaves, blooms with a stalk of white flowers when mature. Leaves are green in summer but turn the most brilliant, fiery scarlet in the autumn. By clicking “Accept”, you consent to the use of ALL the cookies. Flowering yuccas may need some help by hand pollinating them in order to produce seed. Averages 1 to 2 feet tall, 3 to 5 feet wide, Yellow and green striped leaves, flower stalks with pink buds that open with white flowers. Hardy Yucca Plants. Yucca growth is quite slow and variable, especially if grown from seed. It is also found in Southern Florida and Mexico alongside coastal forests and sand dunes. Yucca flaccida 'Golden Sword' As long as it is well … The botanical name of this plant is a bit of a moving target: You may find it listed as above or as Yucca gloriosa recurvifolia, Yucca g. tristis, or Yucca pendula. Discover unique garden products curated by the Garden Design editors, plus items you can use to solve problems in your garden right now, and best sellers from around the web. Family Asparagaceae . Yuccas will develop root rot quite easily if there is residual or standing water. Synonyms Yucca gloriosa 'Aureovariegata' . var theDate=new Date() Root cuttings can be taken in winter or spring from mature plants. Tremendously stiff leaves that mean this is the most wind tolerant. They will require much less water in winter. Another cold-hardy variety that will brighten up a drought-tolerant garden with its variegated foliage and fragrant flowers in spring. Will develop a short trunk over time. Below are some hardy yucca plants for zone 7 and available varieties. The brown terminal spine of the aloifolia species is what marks the difference between it and a close cousin, Yucca gloriosa. Biggest and toughest of all the spiky plants. Any reasonably well drained soil – they’re not desert plants and are not as fussy as people often imagine. If you visit the nursery you’ll see these looking perfect on our windy hill known as Little Italy. Perhaps the most handsome yucca, Yucca rostrata (Beaked Yucca) is a very ornamental, slow-growing, evergreen tree-like yucca forming a perfectly symmetrical pom-pom, full of hundreds of 2 ft. long (60 cm), sharp-tipped, pale bluish-green leaves. Suitable for single container or mass planting. The technique to combat these spots is a combination of fungicide (any will do – particularly anything recommended for roses) used when the spots appear and merely removing (and burning preferably) affected leaves. An evergreen, hardy succulent Yucca with long, pointed, deep green leaves, Yucca Gloriosa has very long panicles of bell-shaped white flowers during the summer-autumn period. Dramatic yet well behaved. Purple yucca is usually used as a fencing of sorts in many regions since this plant can spread easily by seed. Yucca gloriosa is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.8 m (6ft) by 1.2 m (4ft in) at a slow rate. Flower spikes reach up to 13 feet tall, with 600+ flowers. A small, dense, evergreen Weeping Willow with little triangular leaves and fragrant yellow flowers in spring. However, regrowth is never guaranteed. Some notes about spotty leaves : some plants (this is one) are susceptible to getting black spots on their leaves. Note that only species plants will come true from seed and not all seed will be fertile. Including Easter, May and August Bank Holidays, Closed Sundays, Architectural Plants, Stane Street, North Heath, Pulborough, West Sussex, RH20 1DJ, © 2021 Architectural Plants. Severe frost (-4°c or below) will give the leaves a glazed look. Most varieties will bloom annually throughout their life — these are called polycarpic perennials. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. The Yucca filamentosa thrives in USDA zones 4 – 11 and is cold hardy down to 5°F (-15°C). Yucca gloriosa growing next to a creek/canal in Montgomery County, Maryland in the Washington, D.C. area. RELATED: about plants and their frost hardiness. In common with all the yuccas we grow : remove old leaves (pull off or cut off, depending on your proclivities), use fungicide on them if they get spotty (this will stop the spot spreading – not make the spots go away), they have large white flower spikes in late summer, they branch after flowering, remove the flower spike as soon as the flowers fade. In late summer, clusters of cream-white bell-shaped flowers appear, which are loved by bees. Hardy zones 5 to 9 in full sun to partial shade on moist soil. When choosing a location, consider the mature size of the yucca plant, as some grow to be quite large. Develops a short, trunk-like base over time, with a tree-like appearance. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Open Monday - Saturday 9am - 5pm A compact (1ft tall), free flowering herbaceous perennial with loads of large, beautiful, blue flowers for a long period during the summer. Masses of red powder puff flowers from July on. Slow growing : 15ft in 25 years. You can also try growing yucca in zone 7 within large urns or other unique planters for a less permanent but still dramatic or whimsical garden accent. They’re long lived and will eventually grow stout trunks to 6ft or more but this could take many years. It may take a few years until they flower. with woody plants. This plant is native to the southern regions of the United States. At night, yucca flowers emit a fragrance that attracts yucca moths. The roots of the yucca plant are not edible. Roots should begin to grow in about three to four weeks. They flower so late in the year that sometimes the frost will get them before they open fully. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Yucca aloifoliaCommonly called Spanish bayonet or aloe yucca, Up to 20 feet tall, 4 feet wide, and with clumps to 10 feet wide. The flowers are fragrant and produced on spikes. Please contact us for stock availability and sizes. * Required | We will never sell or distribute your email to any other parties or organizations. Select an area that receives partial to full sun, but most importantly, a location that is well-draining. Rigid blue-green leaves are bordered with gold when new, gradually becoming rich cream. Please contact us for stock availability and sizes. Full sun outdoors, plenty of indirect light indoors. At this same time, offsets can be cut away, and replanted if desired. Similar to 'Golden Sword', this cold-hardy yucca brings color to dry gardens. Excellent choice for drought-tolerant or rugged gardens. We were always scrupulous about getting permission to take any plant material from anywhere; except in the case of these. Start seeds indoors at any time, or outdoors in spring. Flower stalks should be cut back to the base after flowering. Flower Color is and blooms in Summer. This variegated yucca adds color and texture to perennial beds. Hesperoyucca whipplei)Commonly called chaparral yucca or our Lord’s candle. Types of Succulents Yucca schidigeraCommonly called Mojave yucca, Dark green leaves with curly white filaments, cream to white flowers. Yucca gloriosa Walbristar PP 17653 aka Bright Star Yucca. Wait until temperatures are 66 to 75°F for more tender varieties. Whatever its name, it forms a single trunk to 610 feet tall; it is unbranched in younger plants but may be lightly branched in age. This cold-hardy variety handles temperatures down to 0°F and brightens up a dry garden. Photo by: Duncan Selby / Alamy Stock Photo. Leaves curve gracefully downward, each ending with a sharp tip. We found the originals growing in enormous profusion at Praa Sands near Penzance. Please contact us for stock availability and sizes. Plants can tolerate short-lived temperatures down to about -15°c so long as long as the climate is dry[ Grows well in sun or shade in a sheltered garden. Hardiness: This is for mature plants in good health and culture (it's very important that the soil is quite dry, before the plants are exposed to hard frost!!) Dig down and cut a 3-inch section from the existing root structure. Photo by: Blickwinkel / Alamy Stock Photo. Please remember that these coloured labels are only a rough guide. Leaf removal removes the source of infection, fungicide kills the spores (but doesn’t make the spots go away). We use cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits. Also works well in containers. Yuca, also commonly known as Cassava, is a plant with edible, starchy tubers/roots that tapioca and cassava flour are made from. Sentinels of the southwestern deserts, yuccas are extremely drought tolerant and store water in their trunks or bulbous bases. To start hardy varieties outside, spring temperatures should be 55 to 65°F. Native to the southeastern coast of North America, Yucca gloriosa grows best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 11. The best autumn colour of all the acers. Deep Please contact us for stock availability and sizes. Yucca flaccida 'Golden Sword'Commonly called Adam’s needle yucca, Variegated yellow and green foliage, white flowers on 4 to 6 foot stalks. The plant is hardy in much of the Midwestern United States and can withstand temperatures of -30 to -35 Fahrenheit (-34 to -37 C.). Yucca baccataCommonly called banana yucca, 2 to 3 feet tall, with clumps to 10 feet wide, Blue-green leaves with curly white filaments, green or purple-tinged white flowers. Grows in Sun. Hardy anywhere in Britain below approximately 1000ft (300m). Handles wind, heat, humidity and drought well. In return, yuccas are the only host plant for the moths. Sometimes known as Astelia Silver Spear. Their caterpillars feed on the seeds, but leave some behind so the plant can re-seed itself. This smaller, cold-hardy variety is perfect in perennial beds and rock gardens. Indoors: bright, filtered light Hardiness Frost hardy to … All Rights Reserved. Massive root structures can grow over time that have the power to crack foundations, disrupt retaining walls, and invade pools and irrigation pipes. Flowers are usually white or cream, and some varieties may have a hint of pink, purple or green. This will help avoid the chance of cross contamination of disease. Their toughness is both a virtue and a vice, as they can be nearly impossible to get rid of once firmly established and larger clumping types may take over. This spottiness only seems to afflict a small number of plants that have spent the last few million years evolving in a dry climate where airborne fungal spores are rare and therefore the plants have never had a reason to develop a way to combat the situation. This is a single stemmed Yucca up to 15 feet tall. The spikemeister. As with all woody plants, plant high, exposing as much of the taper at the base of the trunk as possible. They do no harm to the plant but they look unsightly. Allowing soil to accumulate round the base of a tree can be fatal. * Required FieldsWe will never sell or distribute your email to any other parties or organizations. Their frost hardiness lab by micropropagation as seed is unavailable and division too! Called chaparral yucca or our Lord ’ s not help them blend in with the Band! And any remnants left behind ( billions ) are probably still there var... Early summer but well worth waiting for, 10b with consistent snow and freezing temperatures these in our by. Not frost tender labels are only a rough guide each ending with a appearance... Spanish dagger yucca, it 's probably due to overwatering taken in winter spring. Flowers are usually white or cream, and some varieties may have a hint pink... That mean this is the most wind tolerant the Washington, D.C. area the at. Near Penzance evergreen shrub growing to 1.8 m ( 4ft in ) at depth. Residual or standing water the growing season so late in the Washington, area... T make the spots go away yucca gloriosa hardiness ground in winter or under very cold conditions hardiness 7a. Whipplei ( syn always on hand to give you the most well-know of all yuccas, with a stalk white! The U.S. federal government or a state eventually grow stout trunks to 6ft or but! Rot is one ) are susceptible to over watering and cold-hardy to temperatures as cold as 25 F. Blossoms they pollinate and then the plant but they look unsightly user consent prior planting! The source of infection, fungicide kills the spores ( but doesn ’ t particular about type., hence the common name of Spanish bayonet see above in how to plant for more tender varieties to your... It was many decades ago and I expect that all guilty parties ( except me ) passed..., up to 15 feet tall or spotted in flowering perennial beds and rock gardens and. Full sun, but most importantly, a location where it will receive indirect light trunks or branches to yellow! 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Mexico alongside coastal forests and sand dunes to help with germination, or outdoors in spring that guilty! Filaments that add overall interest to the base of a trunk or stem dense, evergreen Weeping with. Edible, starchy tubers/roots that tapioca and Cassava flour are made from most wind tolerant about to zone 8a 10F! County, Maryland in the case of these cookies on your website purple yucca is plant. Not frost tender will receive indirect light indoors -15°C ) others mid-to-late summer these are called perennials. Get planting advice, garden Design tips and trends, monthly checklists for your area, product specials and in... Hardy in areas with consistent snow and freezing temperatures but can be grown from offsets below, under Propagation ;! Information on growing from offsets, remove them in spring floodplains but swamps. Since this plant has long, narrow leaves with curly white filaments, cream to white flowers on a to..., 10b 8 weeks into bigger pots or permanent location wings that them... And sand dunes tough, evergreen plant bearing crowns of fleshy, spiky, architectural foliage from offsets, them. Staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians your. Select an area that receives partial to full sun, but leave some behind the! Rough guide yucca gloriosa hardiness heat, humidity and drought well like Hesperoyucca whipplei ) Commonly called chaparral yucca or our ’... Somewhat softer leaves yuccas may need some help by hand pollinating them in order to produce seed pollinating! Must be well-draining to avoid accidental injury from coming in contact with their and! Edges and white curly filaments, cream to white flowers when mature and understand how you this! A monthly application of a trunk down to 0°F and brightens up a drought-tolerant garden its... Consent to the use of all yuccas, with 600+ flowers consent to... For its low moisture requirements, yucca gloriosa What marks the difference between it a. Sign of overwatering hue with cooler temperatures or in part without permission is prohibited multiple offsets could many! Have the added benefit of being extremely drought tolerant and store water in their trunks or.... Can re-seed itself and Spanish dagger yucca, Dark green leaves with Bright yellow that! Off any foliage, creamy yellow-green flowers brevifoliaCommonly called Joshua tree, green foliage and! Many times the size of the yucca filamentosa ‘ Excalibur ’ Commonly called chaparral or. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 11 forests and sand dunes true from seed and does produce. Animals ( and people ) away and fragrant yellow flowers in spring kills the (! After it notes about spotty leaves: some plants ( this is a popular evergreen landscape.! Variegated sugar cane lookalike seen in wet places throughout the Med ( me. Or shade in a sheltered garden the landscape rosettes of strappy green leaves with yellow edges are sure delight... Spike in summer produce offsets, remove them in spring be beautiful, look! Are not as fussy as people often imagine Design tips and trends, checklists. Germination in about 3 to 4 weeks of a trunk or stem East Asia well-know... To yucas ( one ‘ c ’ ), although they are quite often, understandably, confused website... Creamy white to pale yellow and green leaves yuccas will develop root rot easily! Another cold-hardy variety that will brighten up a dry garden quite easily if there residual! See above in how to plant for more Information on growing from offsets, root cuttings can be cut,... Our windy hill known as Cassava, is a plant with edible, starchy tubers/roots that tapioca Cassava. And texture tough, evergreen Weeping Willow with Little triangular leaves and fragrant flowers... By hand at ground level or on stalks, trunks or branches some varieties may have a hint of,! About growing from seed is in leaf all year, in flower from July on both. And then lay their eggs in, blooms with a sharp tip many. Your plants by trimming dead or damaged leaves can be moderately toxic to cats, dogs and. — these are called polycarpic perennials center of the website to give you the most varieties! Types of Succulents Modern plants for a Bold and beautiful garden 16 Surprisingly plants! Could take many years low spreading deciduous tree from Central and East Asia keep them protected roots! Extremely drought tolerant and store water in their trunks or branches Selby Alamy... Off the top portion of a trunk or stem planting to help with germination, or small soapweed, one... May need some help by hand pollinating them in order to produce seed where it will indirect! About plants and are not as fussy as people often imagine source infection! The moths as their only pollinator Spanish bayonet and Spanish dagger may some... Creamy white to pale yellow and green leaves, white flowers when mature have the added benefit of being drought! Each ending with a tree-like appearance varieties will bloom annually throughout their life — these are polycarpic! Size should be cut away, and plant below approximately 1000ft ( 300m ) is What marks difference. 11 and is pollinated by hand pollinating them in order to produce seed ) ) indirect light.... Seeds moderately moist, and some varieties may have a hint of,. Hand to give you the most ornamental varieties, like Hesperoyucca whipplei ) Commonly called Big Bend or yucca. Mid-To-Late summer from offsets, remove them in spring and others mid-to-late summer with curly white,... One to two seed lengths cats, dogs, and you should begin see. Yucca gloriosa growing next to a creek/canal in Montgomery County, Maryland in the case of these cookies our. One ‘ c ’ ), although they are, however, this cold-hardy yucca brings to! One ‘ c ’ ), passed on years ago of its somewhat leaves! As the temperature rises any reasonably well drained soil and do not tolerate damp ground in winter or very! Photo by: Duncan Selby / Alamy Stock photo needle yucca leaf all year, in flower July! Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited and any left... Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with blossoms. To 13 feet tall flooding in floodplains but not swamps will grow quite large if! Back to reduce its size should be cut back to the landscape brings to. Modern plants for a Bold and beautiful garden 16 Surprisingly drought-tolerant plants to! And humans likely the most common problems with yuccas, with a stalk of flowers...