1, Jan. 2015 Page 1 of 1 A. Company Registration No: 4964706. Employers should submit their application for work permit to Local Government Authority and it is advisable to follow all requirements enforced by the authority prior to executing night time construction works. According to health and safety authorities every individual employer must undertake a risk assessment test to measure the risks when working at night and if it is possible for the worker to be working at night in the first place. Many types of construction activities cause vibrations that spread through the ground (ground-borne), most notably pile driving, hoe ram demolition, blasting, and vibratory compacting. Study for free with our range of university lectures! Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? This guide will increase your understanding of night and shift work and its potential impact on health and safety. Allowing an unfit worker to work at night will endanger the worker and other worker in the same work area. Long work hours and irregular work shifts are common in our society. Most sounds that humans are capable of hearing have a decibel range of 0 to 140. It is not intended as a legal interpretation of the legislation. Frontline CUPE workers are critical to the health and safety of the public. Disclaimer: This is an example of a student written essay.Click here for sample essays written by our professional writers. 2020. Shift work does not necessarily need to be throughout the night in order for there to be a lack of natural light on-site. Such abnormal” working hours are not a modern phenomenon. Risk monitoring and control assists in tracking and resolution. It will describe measures employers and employees can take at work to reduce any adverse effects of night or shift work. Rarely do vibrations reach levels that cause structural damage to buildings. Rest days may increasingly be experienced as periods of recovery and recuperation from work. Safety concerns are a major reason why many women refuse to take up night shifts. Sleep is extremely important for your overall health. This can make them more hazardous to themselves and others. As a result, night shift workers make five times as many mistakes as their day shift counterparts, and are 20% more likely to be involved in serious accidents. Try our 12 tips. Working unusual hours has a huge effect on both your mental and physical health. Construction Night Works SWMS | Safe Work Method Statement. Instead, it governs shift worker safety under the OSH Act's General Duty Clause. Be ready to put in a shift at night if you work as a doctor, firefighter, nurse, air … One of the biggest challenges for safety professionals and supervisors is getting employees to “buy into” the value of workplace safety and respect your worker safety […] read more, New workers are most at risk on a job site—at least that’s what the latest safety research indicates. Sources: A Guidebook for Nighttime Construction: Impacts on Safety, Quality, and Productivity. That means a significant sector of the nation’s work force is exposed to the hazards of working nights, which include restlessness, sleepiness on the job, fatigue, decreased attention and disruption of the body’s metabolic process. Risk allocation involves placing responsibility for a risk on a specific party or parties typically through a contract. Though the vibrations diminish in strength with distance from the source, they can produce annoying or objectionable audible and “feel able” levels in buildings very close to construction sites. The purpose of these Regulations is to give effect, in respect of night workers and shift workers, to the safety and health protection provisions of Article 9 of EU Directive 93/104/EC of 23 November, 1993 concerning certain aspects of the organisation of working time. Company Number 520978. Other major factors contributing to the risks of night time work are human factors such as sleep, stress, work, social or domestic issues, and psychological characteristics, such as appetite and safety. It is believed that if men and women participate equally in the workplace, India’s GDP could increase by up to 60 percent by 2025. Workers are exposed to many high risk unsafe working conditions at construction site. With urban night time construction projects being very close to people’s living space, dust can be a problem. Night shifts for doctors are unavoidable. Avoid swapping shifts so that you are Company Number 61-1751295. The following are recommended components of a safety management plan for night time works(: It should be determined and stated clearly in the safety management plan the responsibility of each individual at construction site for night time works. Set up a safe walk ways where it is unavoidable to work near or in public vicinity. The Occupational Safety and Health Association (OSHA) states that “workers generally will not acclimate to night work, and sleep patterns will generally be disrupted so the non-work periods do not provide full recovery, resulting in sleep deprivation.”. NIOSH directs shift work employers to: Set at least 10 consecutive hours of protected off-duty time each day. A major problem with night time work-zone lighting arrangements is the insufficiency of the lighting provided to perform the construction or maintenance task. of employees. Now, some of us choose to work night shift because it works better for our schedules or for our kids. You may find that eating healthy can be a challenge. A three-decibel change in noise level is a barely noticeable difference, while a 10-dB change is perceived subjectively as a doubling/halving in loudness (Shane J.S., 2012). Driving to and from work. Safety declines over successive night shifts, due to mounting fatigue. The clarification of the sub-topic will studies about the night time construction, planning aspect, and the impact of night-time construction operations on safety, quality, environmental factors, and productivity. Some companies schedule inherently heavy or more hazardous work at night … Require daytime managers to periodically work at night. It will describe measures employers and employees can take at work to reduce any adverse effects of night or shift work. If at remote sites, ensure, as far as possible, that there is a quiet, secluded area designated for rest and recuperation. One of the most important elements to consider before work at night is carried out is the EPR specifically for night time environment. Safety (DPS) crash data to assess the ramifications of night work on crash experiences, and an assessment of differences in operational characteristics of traffic at nighttime and daytime work zones. Any employee showing such signs should be evaluated and possibly directed to leave the active area and seek rest. Employers have an obligation not only to employees but also to contractors and their employees. Night work has many advantages. RA5. Social and domestic activities may still be … Getting enough off-duty sleep is the most effective way to maintain alertness. • Better access to work site. Your normal “body clock” wants you to be awake, alert, and productive during the daytime. ... Plan Your Meals. Based on the responses by the workers, a positive safety climate on the three sites was found: • 90% have control over safety. • Longer work shifts. The fundamental tenets of risk allocation include allocating risks to the party that is best able to manage them, allocating risks in alignment with project goals, and allocating risks to promote team alignment with customer-oriented performance goals. Highly reflective backgrounds decrease the visibility of the target or object. As well as, or perhaps in light of, Professor Foster's research, the impact of night shift work is also on the radar of trade unions. Fatigue – The Number One Shift Work Safety Problem. Sound is energy in motion as a pressure wave through the air produced by a vibrating body. Avoid quick shift changes. Don’t undertake safety critical work or drive if you are tired or drowsy. Shift work can be hazardous to workers’ health. The following checklist from Circadian 24/7 Workforce Solutions … The ability to visualize an object or a target depends on the contrast between that object and the background. Fugitive dust may be generated by construction operations, and the contract specifications should require that the contractor prepare a dust control plan. The length of a shift can vary between 8 and 12 hours. Any scientific information contained within this essay should not be treated as fact, this content is to be used for educational purposes only and may contain factual inaccuracies or be out of date. Common problems that might occur are poor visibility in the working environment, working in a drowsy condition, and communication problems with the day shift. Put shift-work on the agenda. Night shifts are often not very popular as they can be inconvenient to most lifestyles. According to Shreve (1994), vibration can be defined as simply the cyclic or oscillating motion of a machine or machine component from its position of rest. Risk assessment/analysis involves the quantitative or qualitative analysis that assesses impact and probability of risk. Evaluate your work environment Rest is a night time activity, work a daytime activity. Project Manager, Engineers, Designers, Safety Officer and Site Supervisors as well as workers each have their specific responsibility to make sure the highest level of priority are given towards safety and health issues. Night time construction introduces numerous risks to a construction project. © Copyright GoContractor 2020. L The night Shift Manager will liaise with the companys Occupational Health Support Manager for professional advice on health matters. ... a long night shift that includes frequent rest breaks might well prove safer than a shorter night shift with less ... assembly plant. Choose fruit as snacks, rather than chocolate or crisps. While you slumber, your body gets rid of toxins, repairs injury, and reduces stress. Some sites are naturally darker than others, and during the winter months, daylight hours are limited. Cluster night shifts together. Watch your diet. Equipments such as retro-reflective signage, barriers, retro reflective tapes and lighting equipment are some example of safety equipment that should be provided for night time construction works. Consider the following when planning for night time work; identify the hazards for example construction vehicle movement or too much glare from lighting equipment and plan for vehicular movement to not interrupt peak hours and make sure adequate supervision is provided for such movement. By establishing a construction night work plan and following best practices, crews stay safe while working in less distracting conditions. It is also recommended that night work approved by the local authorities be informed to the residents/occupants of the surrounding neighbourhood. Provide sufficient signage to warn the public and put barriers at a safe distance to keep the public away. 2nd Floor, 29 / 31 William St S, Dublin, D02 EY96. Application must be made after meeting DWC -QHSSE requirements. A whisper is about 30 dB, conversational speech is about 60 dB, and 130 dB is the threshold of physical pain. “Normal” hours of work are generally taken to mean a working day with hours left for recreation and rest. Zero dB, by international agreement, corresponds to an air pressure level of 20 micro-Pascals (in other words, the agreed-upon threshold of hearing). night and shift work. Conduct safety orientation and regular training sessions for workers. Shift work does not necessarily need to be throughout the night in order for there to be a lack of natural light on-site.Some sites are naturally darker than others, and during the winter months, daylight hours are limited. This could contribute to other work related safety and health problems for example drug and alcohol abuse, psychological problems, and physiological problems. Funding for the Night Shift Health and Safety Workbook was provided through a one year training grant from the U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Susan Harwood Grants program. The risk of diabetes mellitus type 2 is increased in shift workers, especially men. SKU: C-964 Duration: 11 ... Night shift work can expose workers to a range of hazards, including sleep deprivation, ... Plan for additional water truck usage and other dust suppression engineering controls when dust further limits visibility. night, what problems had been encountered during night work, what effect night work has had on project schedule, cost, and safety, and how night work affected the quality and productivity of certain construction activities. Some features they should include are: Workers should also be conscious of what they need to do to prepare themselves for a night shift. The smaller the object, the higher the level of lighting needed. The plans are based on a moderately active job on the traditional shift pattern, for example, factory workers, warehouse employees, forklift truck drivers, etc. But there are ways you can work the night shift and stay healthy—and caring for your own health will help you care more effectively for others. Night work can provide specific challenges that are not experienced during the day, particularly visibility. You should also look to implement efficient rota planning policies. Night Work Specification 1.0 HOURS OF WORK “Night time hours” are defined as per the Tender documents. Induction Manager Ltd t/a GoContractor. People often think shift work Avoid permanent (fixed or non-rotating) night shifts. : Contractor Consultant : Client No. . Shift Work • It takes about 10 days for your body to adjust to night shift work • Shift workers get approximately 2 -3 less hours of sleep than those who have a regular sleep pattern from 11pm -7am • Rotating forward through day, afternoon, and night shift is … Like, ugly sobbing over the bathroom sink 10 minutes before I had to leave type of breakdowns. On-going. Employers need to plan before hand the workforce required, special arrangement for safety provision such as sufficient work area lighting, retro-reflective clothing, flashing lights on equipments or structures and retro-reflective tape at work area surroundings. It is suggested that agencies and contractors begin their risk management processes early and review the risk management program carefully prior to beginning night time work. Larger distances necessitate higher levels of illumination. PLEASE NOTE: THIS PUBLICATION IS ALSO AVAILABLE IN HARD COPY FORMAT AND CAN BE ORDERED BY PHONING 1890 289389 OR DOWNLOAD FOR FREE BELOW. According to the Guidelines for Construction Activities at Night (1999), there is an increasing demand for performing construction of highways and buildings at night, especially in the urban areas to reduce conflict between the public and the stakeholders of the projects. When construction works involves public area, it is important to make sure the safety of the public. All employers should put together a safety plan for their workers working both day and night shifts. • Reduced impact to local businesses. 4. Many important public services are delivered 24 hours a day, seven days per week, requiring some CUPE members to work in shifts. Giving tips on how to stay healthy while working nights. This Guide is aimed at safety and health practitioners, employers, managers, employees and safety representatives. 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