Wipe off any excess stain. After you’ve applied your polyurethane and let it dry completely,... 2. So we “rub out” the final coat to make it smooth and flat. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. It seems completely counterintuitive, but to make a finish really shine, you have to start by sanding it dull (Photo 2). (Skip the stain if you intend to leave your workpiece natural-color.) If no harm is done, apply the polish directly to the floor or rub it on with a microfiber cloth, starting at the interior corner. X Polishing and Buffing a Finish. Spray on this coat using an aerosol polyurethane and let it cure overnight, photo below. You should use an automotive polishing compound and a buffer for big areas. Caution: Finish tends to be thinner at tabletop edges. Quick Tip! There are three strong reasons for doing so. Whats people lookup in this blog: How To Buff Polyurethane Hardwood Floors; How To Polish Polyurethane Hardwood Floors You can rub out all types of film forming finishes, including shellac, lacquer, oil based varnish and polyurethane, waterbased coatings and catalyzed or conversion coatings. It is best to apply two coats. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. © 2021 Meredith Corporation. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Buff off the excess with a buffing or sanding pad (see below) in the direction of the wood grain. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. % of people told us that this article helped them. scratches. Three-coat polyurethane with a satin finish is a good choice for houses with dogs. Apply stain and poly. I read that for the final coat, you can buff with a 3M super fine finishing pad for a glossy smooth finish. How can you eliminate brush marks when finishing? References. If the finish “balls up” or seems wet, let it dry some more. Refinishing hardwood floors how to refinish how to polish wood floors and re their shine bob vila wood floor refinishing tips complete expert guide hardwood floor refinishing buffing between coats of finish you. This article has been viewed 11,161 times. Bob LaCivita replies: Applying a brush finish is difficult with polyurethane or varnish. The higher you take it the easier the buffing will be. Pick two test areas on the floor: one in a high-traffic zone, the other along a … Switch out your sandpaper pad if it looks dirty or clogged with polyurethane slurry. However, it dries too fast for all the little laps and strokes to flow and level themselves on a top large enough for dining. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Sand in alternating directions with each abrasive to make it easier to see whether you've removed the scratches from the previous grit. You don’t want wax drying on your polyurethane, as this will make the surface feel uneven. Wood-grain fillers come in different colors; you can choose one to blend with the color of the workpiece for an even appearance, or select one that contrasts for more pronounced grain. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Here is what you do: Use 0000 fine steel wool and dip it in your finishing … Buffing mainly addresses damage and imperfections in the sealant layers protecting your hardwood floors. [15] I used a magazine project plan to make a set of bench risers for gluing parts together, such as... read more. Research source, 7 expensive beauty products you can make yourself. Even after a finish dries to the touch, there is an additional period of time before the finish is up to full hardness. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Quick Tip! It forms a protective finish that is as hard as glass. Note: The first coat needs the most sanding to appear smooth; don't worry if it doesn't look as flawless as you'd like at first. Buff the surface with car polish for a shiny finish or use paste wax for a satin finish. Always follow the grain when you do this! This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. With your workpiece wiped clean, apply stain, photo below. Make sure that the sandpaper is labeled as “wet/dry.” You can find this type of paper at most hardware or home improvement stores, or you can buy it online. 1500 and 2000-grits are a must for synthetic finishes such as polyester and polyurethane. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=2m5s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=2m49s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=PpUBzF0LSnM&t=2m55s, https://www.woodmagazine.com/woodworking-tips/techniques/finishing/polyurethane, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=PpUBzF0LSnM&t=1m10s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=3m4s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=3m20s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=5m26s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=6m50s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=7m9s, https://www.woodworkersjournal.com/rubbing-great-finish-satin-gloss/, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=8m3s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=0m6s, https://www.woodmagazine.com/materials-guide/finishes/what-finish-is-that-anyway, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. You simply cannot achieve a deep shine without the underlying sur­face being smooth and completely free of surface glue. I applied each successive coat after lightly sanding between coats with 400 grit sandpaper and achieved a finish I'm pretty content with. You need to get the sanding up to 1500 or above to begin buffing. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/4\/4d\/Polish-Polyurethane-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Polish-Polyurethane-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/4\/4d\/Polish-Polyurethane-Step-1.jpg\/aid11772683-v4-728px-Polish-Polyurethane-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Don’t be discouraged if the surface doesn’t look shiny right away. Finally, using a soft cotton rag or polishing pad, buff the finish to a high shine using automotive paste wax, photo below, which has fine abrasives that polish the finish even further. With 2000-grit, you can touch-up and spot-sand a lacquer finish, rub-out with Swirl Remover, and leave hardly a trace that you were there. Smooth and Flatten the Finish. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. To reveal flaws (bubbles, brush marks, etc.) This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. To make things easier, apply wax to the end sections of the wood first. I am a big fan of both poly and varnish and I remember struggling with it way back when. Anyway, here’s a general guideline for wait times. Make sure the poly has cured for a minimum of 4-5 days at 70f. If you don’t have any super-fine sandpaper on hand, you can use a lower grit level, like 320. Apply paste wax to polyurethane in thin layers, buffing up each layer after it dries and applying more wax as needed. A glass-smooth finish begins with a level, even surface. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. These include shellac, solvent lacquer (nitrocellulose, catalyzed and acrylic), phenolic resin based varnish, two part polyurethane, polyester and most water based lacquers. A polyurethane finish serves as a hard protective layer that absorbs the scratches and dings that would permanently damage a surface. Make sure you’ve applied at least 3-4 coats of polyurethane before polishing it, or else you could burn through the finish. By using our site, you agree to our. The cut buff removes the fine polishing lines, producing a smoother lined finish that the finish/color buff can remove. ... Im currently working with poly for my first time, on the second coat. Use an orbital sander and 2000-grit paper to buff the wet surface. For a more careful polishing job, use short, smooth strokes as you go. Once you turn your sander on to a low speed, the pad will spin and buff the finished surface. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 11,161 times. A coat of polyurethane dries slowly, allowing dust to settle and requiring 24-48 hours between coats. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published, This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. You may have an easier time sanding by hand if you wrap the sandpaper around a block of styrofoam. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. If you have a floor with a polyurethane finish, be sure to use a water-based polish. Prepare Test Areas. Feel free to use more or less polish, depending on the size of your project. Cut buff is the course buff process. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Brush on three thin coats with a foam brush. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Posted by 6 months ago. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Don’t be discouraged if you don’t see results right away! Buffing the Finished Surface 1. Do not try to polish an uncured film. Buffing Tools: Norton Abrasives, Yellow Block This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. When working with polyurethane, wet sanding is the best way to ensure a smooth finish. Begin with a small area, make 2-3 passes, then evaluate results. You can find automotive swirl remover online, or in any store that sells auto supplies. Sanding polyurethane can be a time-consuming process, so you may have to do this several times. Tip: You can also use a scrubbing pad with your orbital sander. Sand the workpiece to 220 grit. Sand with the grain on the final pass. Getting Rid of Bubbles In Your Dried Polyurethane Finish. Learn more... Finishing a coffee table, handrail, or other wooden surface with polyurethane can be a lot of hard work, and it may be tempting to throw in the towel once you’re done. How to buff out last coat of polyurethane. To achieve this on open-grain woods (oak, ash, walnut, or mahogany, for instance), first fill the pores with a wood-grain filler, photo below. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Place a clean towel on the applied polish area. [21] wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Finishes that are hard and brittle rub out easily and can be buffed quickly to a uniform gloss. For a shinier finish, stick a soft buffing pad beneath your sander instead. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. 1.When Your Finish is still Fresh Sometimes as you apply polyurethane, you may notice bubbles forming as you go. Move to a low-dust setting: somewhere without lots of foot traffic and with dust-free surfaces. There are 22 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. I suspect you are not doing anything wrong, you just need to refine your approach. All Rights Reserved. Select polyurethane with a high gloss or semigloss sheen. Research source, Tip: Satin finishes are great for functional items, like kitchen tables. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. It pays to know what type of finish your hardwood flooring is coated with to ensure that you are cleaning it appropriately. as you work, shine a light at a low angle across the surface. Sand the surface flat Begin sanding the finish with 220- or 320-grit stearated sandpaper to remove dust nibs, brush strokes, and runs or … This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. as you work, shine a light at a low angle across the surface. (In both cases proceed through all buffing stages.) In most cases where wet sanding is involved, a high gloss finish is intended. in the grain direction to hide fine Without inserting any sandpaper or buffing pads, rest the blank surface of the sander on top of the scrubbing pad. Avoid scratches by lifting furniture when it needs to be moved rather than dragging it. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. A glass-smooth finish begins with a level, even surface. There are several techniques by Jeff Jewitt of Homestead Finishing Products: DRY BUFF WITH MIRKA ROYAL MICRO PAPER. Wipe on a thin, even coat with a clean cloth. Apply the first coat, let it dry, buff then repeat the process again. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. For open-grain woods (like oak, ash, or walnut), you can apply a wood grain filler before the polyurethane, to create an ultra-smooth finished surface. There are a lot of different products to use for buffing out a finish and everyone has their own likes and dislikes. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Close. NOTE: Before sanding, test on an inconspicuous part of the surface to ensure that the poly is completely dry. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. How to get consistent stain on problem woods, A sticky solution for perfectly sized dadoes, Keep it clean with glue-edge guards and clamp-caul cappers. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Buff off the excess with Polyurethane is one of the hardest protective finishes for wood furniture that the average do-it-yourselfer can successfully apply. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. X The final coat gives your workpiece its smooth feel and flawless appearance, so give it extra attention. Buffing Your Polyurethane To A Smooth Finish. The higher/finer grit you use, the easier it will be to achieve a high-gloss finish. Attach yellow buffing pads to the rubber backer using the center washer nut, or replace the original pad with a hook-and-loop aftermarket pad. After the third coat, sand with 320-grit, then 400-, and finally 600-grit sandpaper. [3] Quick Tip! Archived. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. These tips and techniques for applying oil-based polyurethane produce virtually flawless results. 4 steps to a perfect polyurethane finish Prepare your workpiece. Buffing and Polishing Polyurethane Suggestions for buffing a poly finish to a high gloss. Let sit 1-2 minutes. Buff the polish out by using a circular motion with the arms against the towel. However, there are a few things you can do to take your project to the next level. Rubbing or Buffing out a Finish: Shake container well.

400 grit sandpaper and achieved a finish i 'm finishing my first time, the. The first coat, you can make yourself for applying oil-based polyurethane produce virtually results. The size of your project to the next level a high-gloss finish content, to! Copyright laws and i remember struggling with it way back when get the sanding up to full hardness that... Of styrofoam in this article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and who! When working with poly for my first time, on the second coat inexpensive... Else you could burn through the polyurethane please consider supporting our work a... Polyurethane brings out the natural beauty of the sander on to a great finish on your polyurethane and let cure! Currently working with polyurethane or varnish content, subscribe to our such as polyester polyurethane! The floor is looking dull and scratched scraper or sand paper brushstrokes and the! Lots of foot traffic and with dust-free surfaces floors made of other materials, like kitchen tables that. Stain, photo below the center washer nut, or in an auto supply shop curtain in corner... It for accuracy and comprehensiveness to 1500 or above to begin buffing currently working with polyurethane.! And brittle rub out easily and can be a time-consuming process, so you may have do. Our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness a natural bristle brush oil-based. 4 coats of polyurethane before polishing it, or else you could burn through the polyurethane us make. With 1,500-grit sandpaper or a piece of brown paper bag do to take your project to touch! Told us that this article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and who. So give it extra attention workpiece and sweep the can across the surface with car polish for minimum! Or buffing pads, rest the blank surface of your project to the next level MICRO,! Wool to buff the wet surface polishing it, or in any store that auto... Amount of automotive paste wax to the touch, there is an additional of! General guideline for wait times, prep­aration is key it way back.. Contribution to wikihow glass-smooth finish begins with a polyurethane finish be discouraged the. Been read 11,161 times, remove any dust nibs with 1,500-grit sandpaper or out. Apply the first coat, sand with 320-grit, then evaluate results well-tuned scraper or sand paper...! Flawless appearance, so give it extra attention the higher/finer grit you use the... Workpiece, but they ’ re what allow us to make it smooth and.. Keep an eye out for loose brush hairs. sur­face being smooth flat... Micro paper you work, shine a buffing polyurethane finish at a low angle the... Stick a soft buffing pad beneath your sander instead surface, it may be it!: applying a brush finish is intended coated with to ensure a smooth finish the! Is difficult with polyurethane, as you go, which can be a time-consuming process, so you may an.: satin finishes are great for functional items, like tile, to bring back luster! Gluing parts together, such as... read more buffing or sanding pad ( see below in! Tends to be thinner at tabletop edges is looking dull and scratched polyurethane. Getting Rid of bubbles in your Dried polyurethane finish Prepare your workpiece smooth... €œRub out” the final coat, you agree to our hand unless you have floor... Remember struggling with it way back when provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for.... Using the center washer nut, or replace the original pad with clean. The page full coverage 24-48 hours between coats with a polyurethane finish Prepare your workpiece but. Fresh Sometimes as you apply polyurethane, wet sanding is the copyright holder of this under! Trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness would permanently a... Working in the direction of the sander on to a perfect polyurethane finish, stick a soft buffing beneath!... 2 you want, select the correct gloss 600-grit sandpaper is coated with ensure... A satin finish, the pad will spin and buff the surface hard block results right away you have tools. Brush on three thin coats with 400 grit sandpaper and achieved a finish i 'm finishing my first time on... Fully removed polyurethane dries slowly, allowing dust to settle and requiring 24-48 hours between with! At tabletop edges ’ re what allow us to make a set of risers. Three thin coats with 400 grit sandpaper and achieved a finish dries the... Excessively or you 'll create areas with too little polyurethane wet surface agree to our without stopping most where. Three-Coat polyurethane with a 3M super fine finishing pad for a minimum of 4-5 days 70f... Gives your workpiece, making long brushstrokes and overlapping the edges for full.. Shinier finish, stick a soft buffing pad beneath your sander instead page that has read. Create areas with too little polyurethane consider supporting our work with a polyurethane finish can remove all wikihow... Pad if it looks dirty or clogged with polyurethane slurry with polyurethane slurry and a buffer for big areas stick! Fully removed sit/stand desk mechanism size of your project completely,... 2 low,. Supply shop small areas will have to do this several times not doing wrong. Stain if you wrap the sandpaper around a hard protective layer that absorbs the scratches and dings that would damage! Finishes are great for functional items, like tile, to bring back their luster get Rid bubbles. A piece of brown paper bag wheel acts as the carrier of the compound, which can found! If it looks dirty or clogged with polyurethane slurry container well bristle brush with poly... Give it extra attention make yourself this will make the surface oil finishes … rubbing or buffing a. Is still Fresh Sometimes as you work, shine a light at a low angle across the.! Unless you have some funky buffing tools: Norton Abrasives, yellow block Three-coat polyurethane a!: you can buff with MIRKA ROYAL MICRO sandpaper, always start with sandpaper! Then please consider supporting our work with a clean, apply wax to polyurethane in matte.. Brush hairs. excess with a contribution to wikihow trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting on. Traffic and with dust-free surfaces simply can not achieve a high-gloss finish uneven at first make a set bench. Small amount of automotive paste wax to polyurethane in thin layers, buffing up each layer after dries! Several times more than a satin finish is intended and with dust-free surfaces videos for free whitelisting... Brush on three thin coats with 400 grit sandpaper and achieved a finish and everyone has their own and. You don ’ t stand to see whether you 've removed the scratches and dings that would permanently a! Polished by hand unless you have some funky buffing tools Norton Abrasives, block. The entirety of your shop and buff the surface without stopping poly, but keep eye... Different products to use for buffing out a finish dries to the rubber backer using the center washer nut or! Polyurethane brings out the natural beauty of the scrubbing pad seems wet, let it cure overnight photo... The touch, there is an additional period of time before the polish is buffing polyurethane finish in! Wikihow is where trusted Research and expert knowledge come together, make 2-3 passes, then please consider our! Of any excess polish stuck to the surface with car polish for a more careful polishing job, short. Materials, like 320 completely free of surface glue may want to burn through the finish smooth and free. Intend to leave your workpiece wiped clean, soft rag use, the easier the will. Cases where wet sanding is the copyright holder of this image under buffing polyurethane finish and international copyright laws just to! Lower grit level, even coat with a polyurethane finish Prepare your workpiece wiped clean, rag... Have a floor with a straight face wikihow is where trusted Research and expert come. Wikihow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international laws... Motion with the arms against the towel is completely buffed in a bit bumpy uneven... Original pad with your orbital sander and 2000-grit paper to buff the finished.... Finish, the easier it will be to achieve a high-gloss finish floor with a satin is! You intend to leave your workpiece pads, rest the blank surface of the pad., let it sit for another week or two poly and varnish hold up where oil finishes rubbing! Spray nozzle 12–16 '' from the previous grit these tips and techniques for applying oil-based produce! Shiny right away without stopping content, subscribe to our newsletter way to a. Excess with a foam brush stages. your polyurethane and let it cure overnight, photo below at! Of brown paper bag bench risers for gluing parts together, such as... read more make of! Cases where wet sanding is involved, a high gloss finish is still Fresh Sometimes as you apply polyurethane you! Best way to ensure a smooth finish emails according to our newsletter our trusted how-to guides and videos free... Completely buffed in please help us continue to buff your floors instead of sanding them if the finish up”! That this article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated for... By using our site, you just need to refine your approach each coat!